Spiders. There’s something about them that naturally invokes a deep fear. Just the sight of one sitting in the ceiling corner can bring squeals from the most macho of men.
Ohio has several breeds of spiders. Here’s a list of a few of them, and what exactly they can do to harm you. Just in case you weren’t scared enough.
Ohio is home to two species of black widow – Southern and Northern. Females, which are larger than males, are black with a red hourglass shape underneath their abdomens. The males are generally lighter in color and have orange or red markings. The female’s bite is extremely dangerous, affecting the victim’s nervous system and causing pain, cramps, tremor, vomiting, dizziness, and respiratory difficulties. The black widow can be found in empty buildings, the garage, and the home.
Bold Jumping Spider
The jumping spider has eight eyes that work in conjunction to help it clearly define prey and distance. The anterior eyes can see acutely, forming clear images with binocular-like focus, while the lateral eyes judge distances. So they can see every breath you take while you’re sleeping and time their jump onto you with perfect precision. Don’t worry too much, though. The jumping spider will likely only bite when it feels threatened, and the pain is comparable to a bee sting.
Black & Yellow Garden Spider
Black with orange or yellow markings, the Black and Yellow Garden Spider is an intimidating looking spider. And with good reason, too. Though they aren’t aggressive, they will bite if they feel threatened. Luckily, the venom is not harmful to humans and is only about as painful as a bee sting. They prefer flowery areas in the sun and feed on small flying insects like flies and grasshoppers. Being that they prefer gardens, they do sometimes wander into the nearby home.
The Brown Recluse Spider is one of the most feared spiders in the US. And for good reason. If not deadly, their bite can kill several inches (in diameter) of tissue in humans, necessitating skin grafts. The bite is identified by a developed crust and surrounding red skin. Typically, the brown recluse can be found in basements or storage areas, but it also has been known to venture into clothing or folded towels. Disturbing it in any way can prompt a bite.
Rather than spinning a web for its prey to get caught in, the wolf spider patiently waits for its prey to pass by before lunging on it and burying its mandibles deep. It prefers insects like grasshoppers and ants, as well as other spiders, for its meals. Colored brown, grey, and black to perfectly camouflage into the leaf litter where it likes to hide, the wolf spider can be incredibly hard to spot. A very common spider in Ohio, they are typically found in forests and fields, but can occasionally wander into the home.
The Best Deterrent
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